As the world’s energy consumption moves toward the use of natural gas rather than coal and oil, transporting large amounts of natural gas is increasingly important because of the increased demand for this type of fuel. An efficient way of transporting large quantities of natural gas, if pipeline is not available, is to transform it into a liquid for storage and shipment to various destination around the world.
One of the difficulties of transporting natural gas is precisely because it is a gas or “vapor.” Because gasses are less dense than liquids or solids, they occupy more volume than either of the other two substance phases. For instance, a quart of steam (water vapor) will transition into a much smaller amount of water once cooled into a liquid. Read more about Innovation in Using Precast, Prestressed Concrete for Liquefied Natural Gas Storage Tanks